2019 International Year of Indigenous Languages: Word of the Week – Week Thirty.

As part of State Library’s commitment to the 2019 International Year of Indigenous Languages, we will be promoting a ‘word of the week’ from one of the 125+ Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages and dialects from across Queensland.

State Library’s IYIL2019 Word of the Week: Week 30.

This week’s word is djali [pronounced jah-lee], from the Giabal language of the Darling Downs, particularly the area around Pittsworth, Millmeran and Allora extending south towards Warwick. This word was also used in the neighbouring language of Geynyan and is the generic word for ‘tree’. This week’s word coincides with National Tree Day which is held on 28 July.

Planting a tree for Arbor Day at Ban Ban Springs School, 1920. Negative number: 184179

National Tree Day was founded in 1996 and has grown to be Australia’s largest community tree planting and nature protection event.  Schools, councils and community groups can host tree-planting events as part of the day’s activities.

Ridley Notebook, OM79-32/17 .

Giabal is also known as Giabul, Gomaingguru (literally ‘men of the Condamine’) and Paiamba. According to Tindale (1974), the Giabal seem to be the people who spoke Paiamba when met by Ridley at Yandilla in October 1855.  Ridley recorded this encounter in his notebook (image above).

Sydney Morning Herald, 14 December 1855.

In terms of language resources, there is only minimal linguistic work undertaken on Giabal and neighbouring languages. Linguistically, it is uncertain if it relates to the Bandjalang chain of languages to the south or to the Waka Waka languages to the north. Recent work by Wafer and Lissarague (2008) indicates a stronger link towards the Waka Waka language chain.

Languages of the Condamine: Giabul Vocabulary Fact-sheet. Condamine Alliance. P 499.9915 LAN

Further linguistic work includes Sharpe, Holmer and the Condamine Alliance who compiled a series of fact-sheets on the languages along the Condamine River. The State Library collections has some items relating to Giabal including the Ridley Notebook.

State Library of Queensland invites you to celebrate the 2019 International Year of Indigenous Languages as we raise awareness of the rich diversity of Queensland’s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages.

Join the conversation as we post a new word for each week!

Week Thirty 23-29 July 2019.

#IYIL2019 #IYIL #IY2019WordoftheWeek #SLQIndigenousLanguages

Desmond Crump

Indigenous Languages Coordinator, State Library of Queensland

State Library of Queensland Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Languages Webpages

State Library of Queensland Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Languages Map

UN IY2019 Links

UN International Year of Indigenous Languages webpages

UN International Year of Indigenous Languages Resources

References

The word of the week has been sourced from the following historical item in the State Library collections.

Source: Harriet Barlow Manuscript, ca 1865 OM91-69

Image:

Planting a tree for Arbor Day at Ban Ban Springs School, 1920. Negative number: 184179

Further Reading

Other materials in the State Library collections relating to Barunggam and neighbouring languages include the following:

Barlow, H. (1873) The Aboriginal dialects of Queensland. Online version available via One Search.

Condamine Alliance (2013) Languages of the Condamine: Schools Activity GuideP 499.9915 LAN

Curr, E. M. (1887) The Australian Race: its origins, languages, customs, place of landing in Australia and the routes by which it spread itself over that continentRBF 572.994 cur

Feehely, D. (1997) The fire people 1830s-1930s: a history of the Burra, the Aboriginal people of the Eastern Darling Downs. Q 305.89915 fee 

Harriet Barlow Manuscript, ca 1865 OM91-69

Holmer, N. (1983) Linguistic Survey of South-Eastern QueenslandJ 499.15 HOL

Kerkhove, R. ( 2012) The Great Bunya Gathering: Early Accounts.  P 392.0994 KER

Kite, S. and Wurm, S. (2004) The Duungidjawu language of southeast Queensland: grammar, texts and vocabulary: Pacific Linguistics 553. J 499.15 KIT

L R Schwennesen Papers M 292

Parsons, D. (2003) Waringh Waringh: a history of Aboriginal people in the Warwick area and their land.  J 305.89915099433 PAR

Ridley Notebook, 1855. OM79-32/17

Meston, A. (undated) Archibald Meston Papers 1860-1960. OM64-17

“Report laid before the Moreton Bay Aborigines’ Friends Society, of a journey along the Condamine, Barwan and Namoi Rivers, by William Ridley, Missionary”. Sydney Morning Herald, 14 December 1855.

Tindale, N. B. (1974) Aboriginal tribes of Australia: their terrain, environmental controls, distribution, limits and proper names. Q 994.0049915 tin

Wafer, J. and Lissarrague, A. (2008) A handbook of Aboriginal languages of New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory. J 499.15 WAF

Websites

National Tree Day website.