Queensland Place Histories – Drayton, Toowoomba

The Toowoomba suburb of Drayton is located approximately six kilometres south-west of the city.  Drayton was formerly a town or settlement in its own right but with the progressive spread of Toowoomba, it has long been subsumed as a suburb.  Originally known as the Springs, it began in the early 1840s as a campsite, near the intersection of the Eton Vale, Westbrook and Gowrie Stations.

Toowoomba and Drayton prior to 1887. State Library of Queensland, image number APO-045-0001-0006 

An early settler, Thomas Alford, named his house, store and post office, Drayton, in honour of his birthplace in Somerset, England and the name for the settlement progressively came into common usage.  Drayton was the main settlement in the area for some time, but an area some distance to the north-east, and known as Drayton Swamp, was found to have better growing conditions.  Thomas Alford moved from Drayton to this new location and built a residence which he named Toowoomba.

 View of a street in Drayton. State Library of Queensland, image number 8080-0001-0014

The Bull’s Head Inn remains as a tangible reminder of Drayton’s early history.  The building was erected in 1847, with the first proprietor being William Horton.  The hotel was substantially rebuilt in 1859 and, until 1879, operated as the Bull’s Head Inn.  From 1879 until the late 1890s it was used as a private residence named the Terrace.  From then until 1952 it was the home of the Drayton Post Office.  This historic building is listed on the National Trust Register.

Drayton Post Office, 1932. State Library of Queensland, negative number: 67816  Royal Bull’s Head Inn at Drayton, April 1971. State Library of Queensland, image number lbp00024

Drayton’s first school was the Drayton National School which opened in 1851.  The original meetings to discuss the opening of a school were held from as early as 1848, at the Bull’s Head Inn.  The first sawmill in the area was opened at Drayton in 1858 and the first sessions of the circuit court were held in 1859.  A Church of England was also established in 1859 and by 1884 was joined by a Catholic and Wesleyan Church, as well as two hotels, the Criterion and the Downs.  This Anglican Church is also listed on the register of the National Trust.

One of Drayton’s most well known residents was Arthur Hoey Davis who, writing as Steele Rudd, related stories of the Darling Downs settlers and farmers.  These stories were partly based on his own experiences and memories at Greenmount Selection, which was taken up by his father in 1870.

Portrait of Arthur Hoey Davis, author. State Library of Queensland, negative number 64150

Drayton was also home to the area’s first newspaper, the Darling Downs Gazette, first published in 1858.

Brian Randall, Queensland Places Coordinator – State Library of Queensland