Indigenous Australian, James McBRIDE, 11th Light Horse Regiment.
Trooper James McBRIDE was working as a labourer in Brisbane in September 1917 when he volunteered to serve with the first AIF.
Born in Sydney in 1895, he had a close associated with the Woodburn / Swan Bay region in northern New South Wales. He named his friend Thomas Frederick Butler as his next of kin when he enlisted, and it was to Woodburn that he travelled on ‘home leave’ to say farewell prior to embarkation.
Many men like James McBride travelled to Brisbane to enlist to improve their chances of being included in the Light Horse Regiments. Fortunately for James, the authorities were putting together a group of reinforcements for the 11th Light Horse Regiment at this time, at the Rifle Range training camp in Enoggera.
It was while he was at Enoggera that he had his photograph taken at one of the tent studios that operated outside the camp. His image was published in The Queenslander Pictorial on 15th December just prior to his embarkation.
The 20th Reinforcements, for the 11th Light Horse included many other indigenous servicemen and later became known as the “Queensland Black Watch”. They embarked on board the troopship Ulysses bound for Egypt in December 1917, arriving at Port Suez early January 1918.
Their first camp was at Moascar outside of Cairo where they were isolated in case of infectious diseases such as mumps and influenza, followed by several months at the 4th Light Horse training Regiment camp, for incoming reinforcements.
McBride and the remaining men of the 20th Reinforcements, joined their Regiment in the field 12 April 1918 where it was deployed at Selmeh near Jaffa.
Just a few weeks later on 1 May, during the Second Battle of the Jordan, the regiment was under attack from the enemy as it was sent forward to capture the Jisr ed Damieh bridgehead, over the Jordan River. McBride was wounded in this action, hit by a bullet in the thigh above his right knee.
Evacuated for treatment, McBride was at first taken to a Casualty Clearing Station, then to military hospitals in Gaza, and Kantara and finally the 14th Australian General Hospital at Port Said. He spent almost three months away from the Regiment, finally rejoining them in July at Auja, 10 kms north of Jericho.
Later that year as the conditions of war took their toll on all the men, McBride was treated for fever (PUO) mostly likely malaria, which affected troops those troops who had spent time in the mosquito ridden Jordan Valley.
Trooper McBride remained with the Regiment until they were finally scheduled for return to Australia, via the troopship ‘Morvada’ and disembarked in August 1919.
Read more …
- SERVICE RECORD: McBRIDE, James
- EMBARKATION ROLL: 20th Reinf. 11th Light Horse Regiment
- Second Battle of the Jordan In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia.
- Image: The Queenslander Pictorial, 15 December 1917, p7
- One of the soldiers featured in SLQ’s HistoryPin Collection
- View the whole Collection: Indigenous enlistment
- Queensland’s Indigenous Servicemen Digital Story and Oral History
Marg Powell & Des Crump | QANZAC100, State Library of Queensland