Indigenous Australian, Albert BURKE, 49th Infantry Battalion.
Private Albert BURKE, was 23 years of age when he enlisted in Roma in June 1917. Born in Mitchell in 1894, Albert Burke was employed as a labourer before joining the first AIF and named his sister Alice as his next of kin.
Albert left Sydney on board HMAT Medic 1 August 1917 with several other Indigenous enlistments: George Foster, Charlie Morgan, William Perrott, Tom Smith, Gale Simpson, and Edward Walker, all members of the 10th Reinforcements for the 49th Infantry Battalion, bound for England and the Western Front. Their journey took them via Halifax, Nova Scotia to avoid enemy vessels known to be patrolling regular troopship routes.
They arrived at Codford Army Camp, Wiltshire early in October, for further training with the 13th Training Battalion, but it wasn’t until March 1918 that Albert Burke departed England for France having been hospitalised with mumps not long after arrival.
Albert Burke joined his battalion in the field on 17 April 1918, where they were undertaking operations near La Neuville, north of Villers-Bretonneux. However just over a week later during heavy enemy shelling, Albert Burke was severely wounded, receiving a gun shot to his right foot.
He was evacuated for medical treatment, first to Camiers, then several weeks later was invalided to England on board the hospital ship Ville de Liege and admitted to the 1st Eastern General Hospital, Cambridge.
Six months later Burke was transferred to the Auxiliary Hospital at Harfield, a convalescent home for wounded soldiers. He was granted two weeks leave in November with orders to report to HQ on his return but he overstayed his leave by four days and was considered AWOL. He was fined for his misdemeanor upon his return.
Privates Albert Burke (left) and Harry Doyle, 1917
Albert Burke was repatriated home onboard HMAT Karmala 2 January 1919 and eventually returned to his live in North Queensland. In 1927 he was granted an exemption from the Protection of Aborigines Act, which allowed him to live and work freely among the greater community.
The image above shows Privates Albert Burke and Harry Doyle in 1917. Burke and Doyle did not serve in the same units but were together at the training depot at Enoggera in July of that year.
Read more …
- SERVICE RECORD: BURKE, Albert
- EMBARKATION ROLL: 10th Reinf. 49th Infantry Battalion
- Unit Diaries: 49th Infantry Battalion
- Image 1: The Queenslander Pictorial, 29 November 1917
[Note image incorrectly designated ‘A. Burcke’]
- Image 2: 29395 Harry Doyle and Albert Burke Photograph 1917
- One of the soldiers featured in SLQ’s HistoryPin Collection
- View the whole Collection: Indigenous enlistment
- Queensland’s Indigenous Servicemen Digital Story and Oral History
Marg Powell & Des Crump | QANZAC100, State Library of Queensland