2019 INTERNATIONAL YEAR OF INDIGENOUS LANGUAGES ‘WORD OF THE WEEK’: WEEK SIX.

UN International Year of Indigenous Languages logo.

As part of State Library’s commitment to the 2019 International Year of Indigenous Languages, we will be promoting a ‘word of the week’ from one of the 125+ Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages and dialects from across Queensland.

State Library’s IY2019 Word of the Week: Week 6.

State Library’s word of the week for Week Six is yawara which is from the Wangkumara language of Western Queensland – it means ‘language’. It is also recorded in neighbouring language groups including Yandruwandha and Punthamara with similar meanings referring to ‘language’ or ‘talking in language’. A neighbouring language in North-East South Australia near the Queensland border is known as Yawarawarka and is based on yawara meaning ‘word or language’ and waka meaning ‘small’. Further south into North-Western NSW, yawara means ‘word’ in Barkindji/Paakantyi.

Basic materials in Wangkumara (Galali) – McDonald and Wurm, (1979).

There has been some linguistic work undertaken on the Western Queensland languages. Wangkumara is often referred to as Galali – the image above is from the work of McDonald and Wurm; the text provides grammar as well as information on vocabulary and sentence structure. While State Library does not hold a print copy of this text, it is available online.

Languages of Western Queensland – Breen (1990).

Breen in his work Salvage Studies of Western Queensland Aboriginal Languages includes the above map of Western Queensland languages and shows Wangkumara along the Wilson River which flows into Cooper’s Creek south of Eromanga. Breen also refers to a second dialect of Galali located to the east along the Bulloo River and suggests there was movement across the region during the 1800’s.

State Library of Queensland invites you to celebrate the 2019 International Year of Indigenous Languages as we raise awareness of the rich diversity of Queensland’s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages.

Join the conversation as we post a new word for each week!

 

Week Six 5-11 February 2019.

#IYIL2019 #IYIL #IY2019WordoftheWeek #SLQIndigenousLanguages

 

Desmond Crump

Indigenous Languages Coordinator, State Library of Queensland

State Library of Queensland Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Languages Webpages

State Library of Queensland Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Languages Map

 

UN IY2019 Links

UN International Year of Indigenous Languages webpages

UN International Year of Indigenous Languages Resources

 

References

The word of the week has been sourced from the following linguistic texts in the State Library collections.

Sources: McDonald, M. and Wurm, S. A. (1979) Basic materials in Wangkumara (Galali): grammar, sentences and vocabulary. Online version.

Breen, J.G. (1990) Salvage Studies of Western Queensland Aboriginal Languages.  J 499.15 bre

 

Further Reading

Other materials in the State Library collections relating to Wangkumara and neighbouring languages include the following:

Breen, J.G. (1990) Salvage Studies of Western Queensland Aboriginal Languages.  J 499.15 bre

Conrick, P. (1988) Dictionary of Dieri-Yantrawantra-Wangkumara tribes of the Cooper-Tibooburra-Innamincka areas.  Q 499.15 con 

Curr, E. M. (1887) The Australian Race: its origins, languages, customs, place of landing in Australia and the routes by which it spread itself over that continentRBF 572.994 cur

Harrison, G. (1991)  Wangkumara alphabet bookPAM 499.15 1981 

Hercus, L. (1994) A grammar of the Arabana-Wangkangurru language, Lake Eyre Basin, South AustraliaG 499.15 1994

Holmer, N. (1988) Notes on Some Queensland Languages. J 499.15 HOL

McDonald, M. and Wurm, S. A. (1979) Basic materials in Wangkumara (Galali): grammar, sentences and vocabulary. Online version.

Robertson, C. (1985)  Let’s learn Wangkumara! Q 499.15 ROB