Aboriginal Soldiers at Gallipoli

“As a soldier who has been in the 15th Battalion of the AIF and served on the Peninsula of Gallipoli, France, Belgium, I object very strongly to the slur cast upon, my half-caste comrades of the 15th Battalion, some of whom paid the supreme penalty, both in Palestine in the light horse units and other spheres of the war.”

These words are from a letter to the Cairns Post [28 January 1933] from James Bennett, Ex-Private, 15th Battalion protesting the treatment of Aboriginal people in North Queensland. In particular, Mr Bennett was referring to the schooling of Aboriginal children in Cairns schools. However, this letter to the editor confirms what many researchers and historians believed – that Aboriginal soldiers landed on Gallipoli.

A Returned Soldiers Protest (Cairns Post, 28 January 1933)

David Huggonson is one such historian who has undertaken extensive research on Aboriginals and Torres Strait Islanders in the Defence Forces. David’s work ‘Too dark for the Light Horse’ formed the basis for an Australian War Memorial travelling exhibition and education resource.  David’s research articles are also a key element of the Australian War Memorial’s Reading List for researching Aboriginal Servicemen and women.

‘Too Dark for the Light Horse’ Resource Book.

The State Library of Queensland has been fortunate to receive a list from David which is a compilation of some of the Aboriginal men known to have been at Gallipoli – the exact numbers are yet to be determined, however there are now believed to be 55 men compiled on this list by David Huggonson and Philippa Scarlett. It is also believed that 5 Aboriginal ANZACs are buried at Gallipoli.

Some men of Aboriginal descent who served at Gallipoli – David Huggonson [Compiler] with additional names from Philippa Scarlett marked with an asterisk*.

Format is Name of Soldier, Service Number, Unit, Place of Residence.

Bindoff, Edgar George: 1720, 1st Bn, Paddington, NSW (DOW 13/9/1915)

Bolton, Arthur John (served under Lee, Arthur John): 1040, 7th LHR, Rooty Hill, NSW

Bolton, Alfred Frederick: 682, 1st Bn, Windsor, NSW

Burke, James Ernest: 529, 5th LHR, Casino NSW. Enlisted Mitchell, Queensland. *

Cameron, Alfred: 1173, 3rd LHR, Meningie, South Australia

Crough, Kenneth: 1125, 22nd Bn, Warrnambool, Victoria

Dickerson, James: 392, 10th LHR, Gin Gin, Western Australia (DOW 29/8/1915)

Drury, Albert Matthew: 863, 5th LHR, Nelligan, NSW. Enlisted Mackay Queensland. *

Farmer, Larry: 62, 28th Bn, Katanning, Western Australia

Farmer, Lewis: 421, 28th Bn, Katanning, Western Australia

Firth, Francis Waler: 1162, 2nd LHR, Pilliga, NSW

Goldspink, William: 2172, 6th Bn. Tumbarumba, NSW. Enlisted Tallangatta, Vic. *

Harris, William: 2838, 15th Bn. Wellington, NSW. Enlisted Toowoomba, Queensland. *

Hearps, Alfred John: 409, 2nd Lieutenant, 12th Bn. Forth, Tasmania *

Holt, Harold John: 2289, 15th Bn. Launceston, Tasmania *

Homer, Arthur Charles: 115, 5th LHR, Bathurst, NSW. (KIA 28/6/1915)*

Hutchins, Charles: 307, 28th Bn, Busselton, Western Australia

Jackson, William John: 1952, 28th Bn, Bunbury, Western Australia

Johnson, Cyril Allen: 1340, 15th Bn, Sheffield, Tasmania. Enlisted Enoggera, Queensland. (DOW 14/07/1915) *

Johnson, Jack Roy: 1867, 52nd Bn. (served as John Rollins) Warrnambool, Victoria. Enlisted in Claremont, Tasmania. *

Johnson, Vernon Phillip: 2225, 1st Bn. Sheffield Tasmania *

Karpany, George: 3502, 10th Bn, East Wellington, South Australia

Kelly, Alfred William: 590, 17th Bn, Macksville, NSW

Kirby, Richard Norman: 2305, 20th Bn. Dubbo, NSW *

Martin, Richard: 1359, 4th Bn, Brisbane, Queensland (KIA 28/03/1918)

Maynard, Edward: 2294, 15th Bn, Flinders Island, Tasmania (KIA 8/08/1915)

Maynard, Frank: 1153, 26th Bn. Flinders Island, Tasmania

Maynard, Leo: 3992, 12th Bn, 26th Bn, Flinders Island, Tasmania

McCallum, Arthur Edward: 165, 16th Bn, Albury, Western Australia

McDonald, Allan: 764, 8th LHR, Condah, Victoria *

Miller, John William: 1227, 12th Bn, Peppermint Bay, Tasmania (KIA 25/4/1915)

Muckray, Hurtle: 757, 3rd LHR, East Wellington, South Australia

Naley, Charles Gordon: 1310, 16th Bn, Eucla, Western Australia

Olsen, Andrew: 736, 5th LHR, Toowong, Queensland

Owen, Frank Edgar: 4193, Div. Eng. Coy, Wallaroo, South Australia. Enlisted Gympie, Queensland. *

Patterson, Hurtle Austin: 34, 9th Bn, Townsville, Queensland

Perfect, Joseph: 200, 25th Bn, Rockhampton, Queensland

Priestly, Norman: 2786, 15th Bn, Gordonbrook Station, NSW

Reid, John Patrick:  2195, 1st Div HQ,  Cooma, New South Wales *

Robins, Alfred Arthur: 1426, 4th Bn, Junee, NSW

Rowan, John: 1506, 46th Bn, Healesville, Victoria

Sayers, Frederick Leslie: 1042, 6th LHR, Busselton, Western Australia *

Shaw, Claude: 2413, 51st Bn. Gin Gin, Western Australia *

Simpson, Stamford Wallace: 687, 10th Bn. Kangaroo Island, South Australia *

Skelly, William: 2933, 20th Bn. Mount Hope New South Wales *

Sloane, John: 783, 13th Bn, Forbes, NSW

Smith, Leonard Gilmore: 1303, 19th Bn. Norwood, South Australia. (KIA 03/05/1917) *

Stafford, Charles Fitzroy: 190, 1st LHR, Mudgee New South Wales *

Stow, Albert Edward: 2162, 1st LHR, Dungog, NSW

Thompson, Albert Victor: 1644, 51st Bn. Perth, Western Australia. (DOW 13/06/1916)*

Tripp, Hubert Frank: 1428, 10th Bn, Victor Harbour, South Australia

Walker, Arthur Thomas: 2466, 10th Bn, Goolwa, South Australia

Waller, Charles Stephen: 1337, 16th Bn, Kangaroo Island, South Australia

Wright, Alfred: 2017, 25th Bn. Nyngan, NSW. (KIA 05/08/1916) *

Zeisser, Peter: 168, 1st LHR. Sydney, NSW. (KIA 07/08/1915) *

Note: DOW = Died of Wounds; KIA = Killed in action.

Included in the above list are  four Aboriginal men from Queensland – I will profile these men in future blog posts. The following image shows the 9th Battalion marching through Queen Street, Brisbane prior to their embarkation – Private Hurtle Patterson of Townsville was a member of this group.

9th Battalion marching through Queen Street, Brisbane 1914. JOL Negative 65586.

I will close this post with a further quote from Ex-Pte James Bennett’s letter to the editor:

 “I have stood shoulder to shoulder with half castes in Hell’s Pit, on Quinn’s Post, and seen them die like the grandest of white men.”

 

Des Crump

Indigenous Languages Researcher – State Library of Queensland

State Library of Queensland Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Participation in War Research Guide

 

References/Further Reading:

‘9th Battalion marching through Queen Street, Brisbane, 1914′. JOL Negative No. 65586

Australian War Memorial (1994) ‘Too dark for the Light Horse’ Resource Book and Travelling Exhibition. [Available online through Australian War Memorial website]

Bennett, James (1933) ‘A Returned Soldier’s Protest’ letter to the Editor, Cairns Post, 28 January, 1933. [Available through NLA/Trove Newspapers website]

Huggonson, D. (1989) ‘The Dark Diggers of the AIF’, in The Australian Quarterly, Vol. 61, No. 3.  [Available online through OneSearch for Library Members]

Huggonson, D. (1991) ‘Villers-Bretonneux: a strange name for an Aboriginal burial ground’ in Journal of the Royal Historical Society of Queensland, Vol. 14, Issue 7, p. 285-288. S 994.3 005

Huggonson, D. (1993) ‘Aborigines and the aftermath of the great war’, in Australian Aboriginal Studies, Issue 1, p. 2-9. [Available online through OneSearch for Library Members]

Kombumerri Aboriginal Corporation for Culture (1991) Yugambeh: In Defence of our Country. P 940.5404 yug

Pratt, R. (1993) Biographical register of Queensland Aborigines who served in the Great War, 1914-1918. P 940.403 pra

Scarlett, P. (2011) Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander volunteers for the AIF: the Indigenous response to World War One. Q 940.40994 SCA

 

Online Sources:

Indigenous Histories [Philippa Scarlett Blog] More Aboriginal Men at Gallipoli