Indigenous Australian, Private Samuel BROWNING, 15th Infantry Battalion.
Samuel Browning was born in Cudgeon, NSW in 1889 to George Browning and Mary William and was employed as a labourer when he enlisted in Lismore 28 August 1917.
Like many recruits who enlisted at Lismore, Samuel Browning trained at Rifle Range Camp, Enoggera, Qld. Assigned to the 15th Infantry Battalion he embarked for overseas on board HMAT Euripides in October 1917. Not long after arriving in England he was hospitalised for two weeks having contracted Mumps.
Samuel Browning joined his Battalion in France in April 1918 when they were involved in operations north of Amiens near the town of Hebuterne. They were quickly put into the front lines to relieve the 16th Australian Infantry Battalion, alongside the 1st Otago (NZ) and 6th Manchester (UK) Regiments.
It was in August 1918 that Samuel Browning was severely wounded. While waiting to be relieved by the 59th French Infantry the enemy launched a heavy barrage of Gas Shells, which lasted 5 hours. Most were able to protect themselves with respirators and the men were eventually transported away from the area to Allonville. Here the effects of the gas began to take effect – swelling eyes and violent headaches. 75% of the Battalion were effected, some very badly.
It was thought to be a new type of poisonous gas, that had been used by the Germans, the prolonged exposure and with little wind on the day to disperse the vapours, the effects were severe. The officer who reported on the incident, Major Sampson suspected ‘Yellow Cross’ Gas – Mustard Gas had been used.
Private Browning was first treated in France but the effects were severe and it was decided to transport him to England, where he was admitted to the Bath War Hospital for care.
By October 1918 Samuel Browning was convalescing at the Sutton Veny Camp, but he never returned to active service. He was placed on an ‘early return’ list and repatriated home in January 1919.
Samuel Browning returned to his family in the Tweed and married his sweetheart Charlotte Slabb that same year and made his living as a fisherman. He died in 1961.
Read more …
- Service Record: BROWNING, Samuel
- Embarkation roll: 26th Reinf. 15th Infantry Battalion
- Unit Dairies: 15th Infantry Battalion
- Image: The Queenslander Pictorial, 29 January 1917
- Mustard Gas by Simon Jones, 2014
- One of the soldiers featured in SLQ’s HistoryPin Collection
- View the whole Collection: Indigenous enlistment
- Queensland’s Indigenous Servicemen Digital Story and Oral History
Marg Powell & Des Crump | QANZAC100, State Library of Queensland